2014-07-15

Impressions from the Benaki Museum

The Benaki Museum is one of the most central and historic museums in Athens; the first private foundation of its kind, whose operation started in 1930 in what is its current "central building", on Vasilissis Sofias Avenue. Every time I think of the central building, the words of a knowledgeable English acquaintance come to mind: "It's nice but it's a private collection; not a Museum!". I can't be the judge of this aphorism but what I can tell you for sure is that it has managed to garner the respect of most art lovers and private collectors in Greece, who often choose to make donations to the museum, thus expanding its reach. Recently it has embarked on a networking mission, with famous museums around the world. There are currently 8 different buildings, in various Athens locations, housing different types of collections. This post is from a recent visit in the central building (1 Koumpari St. & Vasilissis Sofias Ave.), which houses a collection of artifacts covering the whole range of Greek history, from pre-historic times to modern day Greece. The accompanying legends under each showcase are in Greek and English.
 
The neoclassical mansion housing the Benaki Museum, at Leoforos Vassilissis Sofias & 1 Koumbari St., Athens, Greece
Showcase in the ground floor of the Benaki Museum, with ancient Greek helmets (around 5th cent. BC)
Interior view of the mansion housing the Benaki Museum - ground floor

The first 8 rooms of the ground floor quickly cover the period from prehistory to late Roman times. This is the period that is covered by other museums (National Archaeological, Acropolis and Goulandris Museum of Cycladic Art) in immensely greater detail. Rooms 9-12 cover the Byzantine Empire and early post-Byzantine times, with some wonderful religious paintings of the Cretan School (whose most well-known child is Domenicos Theotokopoulos, a.k.a. El Greco).


Post-Byzantine painting of St. Nicholas, at the Benaki Museum, Athens, Greece
The 1st floor deals with late post-Byzantine times as well as the "period of foreign domination" (~14th-18th century) which, for most of the Greek areas, meant Ottoman rule. This is where the Museum truly begins to shine, housing an impressive collection of folk art from Greeks of all walks of life and geographical latitudes.
 
The reconstructed interior of a traditional Greek house

A large, beautifully painted, wooden chest from Mytilene. Above it, the painted wooden chest top reminiscent of Chinese art, actually portrays women in traditional clothes from Samos island.

One of several porcelaine plates; this one in honor of Greece's royal couple; King George I and Queen Olga. The inscription reads: "Married on 15 October 1867 [old calendar date] - God Save the Royal Couple" and the circles around name various geographic areas, several of which were not part of the Greek State at the time.

The, smaller, 2nd floor presents paintings and collectibles from the period just before the Greek war of independence (1821), with special focus on the nautical tradition of Greece. It also houses a temporary exhibition space and a very nice roof garden cafeteria / restaurant with views towards the National Garden right across the street.
 
Detail from a 1794 icon, by painter Abraham, titled "The Last Judgment", with little devils poking the sinners!

The temporary exhibition currently on display (till 31 August 2014) is "Tobacco: 101 notes on oriental tobacco" and presents the story of the tobacco cultivation and trade in Greece in the last two centuries with various interesting posters and exhibits, even for an avid non-smoker like myself. Many a Greek poems have been written on cigarette packs, and the ones below belonged to famous poet Yiannis Ritsos.
Many a Greek poems have been written on cigarette packs, and the ones below belonged to famous poet Yiannis Ritsos.


Finally, the 3rd floor houses artifacts and paintings from the Greek Revolution of 1821 and the formation of the modern Greek state. I was mostly impressed with the paintings collection. The paintings found here are the originals of images presented in every Greek history school book, engrained in the collective minds of Greeks of all ages, depicting the heroes of the Greek revolution and the first statesmen of the modern Greek State.

Well, well... if it ain't old Vladimir Putin! Actually, that's a portrait of "The General Thanassoulas Valtinos (1802-1870)"

 
This oil painting by Belgian Henri Decaisne is one of the few paintings that I did not recognize from Greek history school-books. Probably because it depicts a "Failed Military Operation", at the time that the Greek revolution had almost failed (1826), only to be saved later by the intervention of the Great Powers of the time.
Last but not least, you may search the archives of the Benaki Museum -paintings included- through this handy search page, even after your visit. For opening hours and more practical info check out my "Athens Museums" page.



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2014-07-01

Looking west: 48 cityscapes of Athens (part 4)

This post marks the end of a very long and busy semester for me. I was forced to stop exploring Athens and writing about it and instead piled a huge, digital heap of photos onto you; all of them in pre-scheduled posts, thanks to Blogger's latest cool features. I hope you've enjoyed them, together with my short descriptions. As you are reading this, I am probably -and hopefully...- recovering from a long and demanding business trip half a world away.

In the coming months I'm going to focus all my attention on finding a job that I like, in a country that's more welcoming to me than this one has been. On the side I will continue exploring Athens, as I want to tell you as many things as possible about this city and there's already a long list of posts that have been brewing in my mind. For one thing, I want to visit and cover for you every single remaining museum in or near Athens. I must admit I have not been much of a museum person till I started writing this blog, and these visits have really opened my eyes.

So, enjoy these last westward photos, and see you soon, ...in the streets of Athens.



Solar water boilers, reflecting sunlight


Solar water boilers, this time in the background, with some Viburnum tinus lucidum leaves in the foreground.

Right before sunset...


















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2014-06-06

Looking west: 48 cityscapes of Athens (part 3)

Here's the third installment of Athens landscapes and cityscapes, looking towards the city's west mountains and suburbs. These are photographs from various seasons and hours of the day.



Sunset view, towards the western exit of the Athens plain; The passage to the west is framed by Mount Egaleo to the South (left) and Mount Poikilo to the North (right); Mount Pateras is the tallest one, sitting further west (center-back).

A sea of apartment blocks ('polykatoikies') with solar water boilers and a rare tall building to the left; in the background Mount Poikilo with the TV antennas.

Wide-angle view of Athens at sunset, with Mount Egaleo to the Southwest (left side) and Mount Poikilo to the West (center and right of picture)

TV antennas at the top of Mount Poikilo, west of Athens


Mount Parnetha, to the Northwest of Athens, with a large TV tower on top of it. Mont Parnes Casino can be seen to the right, below the antennas

Antenna receiver in the foreground; Mount Parnetha with its TV tower / transmitter in the background on a cloudy day

Winter smog, from the burning of fossil fuel, on a cold evening, this past winter in Athens. Mount Pateras in the background (far south west) and Mount Poikilo to the right (west), frame the picture and the Athenian plain.

City lights at dusk, on a cold evening this past winter. To the left of the picture you can see the lights of the highway heading out of the Athens metro area and towards the Peloponissos to the west.

City lights at dusk and smog from fire-places, on a cold evening this past winter in Athens.
The foothills of Mount Parnetha and the last buildings west of the city; metropolitan Athens, Greece
Revolving chimney stacks from an apartment block, with the concrete jungle behind and Mount Poikilo further west

Humanity's worst enemy, sitting on a TV antenna receiver!





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